Sometime rainy season prove to be a health menace as there are various diseases that come with the onset of monsoon. Let’s pick up some common monsoon diseases:
Mosquito Borne Diseases
Mosquito-borne diseases mainly spread through stagnant water. Water left unattended in coolers, rubber tyres or open outdoor containers can be the breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Mosquito-borne diseases are:
Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
- Severe fever with chills, usually occurring within 72 hours of the bite of an infected mosquito (Anopheles).
- Body-ache , sweating and cold-like.
- Diarrhea, jaundice.
- Avoid mosquito bites by using insect repellent.
- Cover arms and legs and always use a mosquito net.
- Find out whether you are at risk of getting malaria. Seek immediate medical advice if you have malaria symptoms.
- Take the right antimalarial tablets at the right dose, and finish the course as prescribed.
Dengue is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito infected with one of the four dengue virus serotypes. It is a febrile illness that affects infants, young children and adults with symptoms appearing 3-14 days after the infective bite.
- High fever within four to seven days of the mosquito bite.
- Rashes on the body.
- Severe muscle and joint pain.
- Pain behind the eyes.
- Loss of appetite.
- Bleeding gums.
- Wear full-sleeved clothes when leaving the house during early morning or evening hours.
- Use insecticide-treated mosquito nets at night.
- Always carry an effective mosquito repellent.
- Also use anti-mosquito lotions, sprays and wrist-bands.
- Bring to the notice of the municipal authority to regularly spray insecticides in the neighborhood.
- Avoid stagnation of water and clean the surroundings.
Water Borne Diseases
During monsoons, outbreak of water-borne diseases spreads through contaminated food or water. These diseases are common in areas where there is poor sanitation and lack of a proper sewage system. Unhygienic food and beverages from street vendors can also become a source of such diseases. Water Borne Diseases are:
Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
- Severe diarrhea and vomiting.
- Rapid weight loss and muscle cramps.
- Low blood pressure.
- Dry mucous membranes, including the inside of the mouth, throat, nose, and eyelids.
- Drink filtered water.
- Wash your hands often with soap and clean water.
- Flush your toilets regularly.
- Keep your bathroom clean.
- Keep food covered.
- Peel fruits and vegetables before use.
Typhoid fever is a bacterial disease, caused by Salmonella typhi. It is transmitted through the ingestion of food or drink contaminated by the faeces or urine of infected people.
- Poor appetite and lethargy.
- Very high fever (as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit).
- Abdominal pain.
- Diarrhea or constipation.
- Body aches.
- Avoid food and drinks from street vendors.
- Drink filtered water
Hepatitis A is a viral liver disease that can cause mild to severe illness.
- Dark amber colored urine
- Appetite Loss
- Clay colored feces
- Avoid food and drinks from street vendors which has a high probability of being contaminated.
- Maintain strict personal hygiene and wash your hands regularly with soap and lean water.
- Store food/water in covered containers to protect it from flies.
- Ingest small quantities of ORS at short intervals to combat dehydration.
Viral infections are caused by the invasion of various disease causing viruses into the host’s body. These infections are systemic, that means they involve many different parts of the body system at the same time. The oppressive humidity and rains in monsoon make it easier for infections to be carried from one person to another and are especially harmful to those with a weak immunity system.
Inflammation or infection of the outer membrane of the eyeball and the inner eyelid.
- Irritation and Itching.
- Swollen eyelids.
- Discharge from one or both eyes.
- Blood clots around the cornea.
- Have a hygienic diet. Avoid junk foods.
- Take plenty of liquids.
- Keep yourself clean and detect early signs of weakness.
- Avoid contact with infected person.
- Wash your hands regularly with an effective disinfectant and clean water before bringing them in contact with your eyes or mouth.
- Carry a sanitizer and apply it before meals.