Scope of Dialysis Technician in India

By VIVO Healthcare | 10th October 2016 5:11 AM |

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Dialysis technicians are employed in medical clinics and hospitals that utilize dialysis machines in patients who suffer from renal failure. There are about 1.5 to 1.7 lac patients suffering from End stage kidney diseases each year in India alone. Prospective dialysis technicians may enroll for certified programs after which they become eligible for working within clinics, healthcare centers, etc.

What is dialysis technology? In a healthy human being, kidneys excrete waste products and extra fluids, which get accumulated in blood. As long kidneys perform well, there is no requirement for a patient to undergo dialysis treatment

“Dialysis is a medical procedure that acts as an artificial kidney and removes waste products and extra fluids from the blood of the patient. In case of a kidney failure owing to a particular type of disease, modality of choice of dialysis can be tried.

Due to kidney failure and certain medical conditions (damaged kidneys and other diseases), kidneys become unable to carry out this purification process. This is when dialysis procedure comes into play. Thus, when kidneys can no longer clean toxins from the blood, a dialysis machine — and a technician for operating that particular machine — can step in, to remove the unwanted toxins and extra fluid from blood artificially.

What are the roles and responsibilities of a dialysis technician? Dialysis technicians are trained to perform dialysis on patients suffering from kidney disorders and thus require treatment to remove excess waste from their blood. These technicians perform various kinds of functions and play multiple roles, ranging from equipment repair and maintenance, to dialyzer reprocessing, vascular access monitoring as well as direct patient care. Dialysis technicians are also required to assist their patients with any physical or mental concerns they may have before, during or after the procedure. Dialysis technicians also carry on a number of other duties and these are supervised by doctors and nurses. These duties may include measurement of the vital signs of a patient and recording the information of patients after, during, and prior to dialysis.

A trained dialysis technician takes care of infection control in dialysis unit. He operates R.O Machine and takes care of water quality required for dialysis procedures. Dialysis technician educates his ESRD patients who are on MHD program. He briefs the patients about the care of their vascular access , daily fluid intake and diets.

Dialysis Technician: A Snapshot of Duties Performed

  • To keep patient records
  • Monitoring blood pressure
  • Checking weight of the patient
  • Inspection and maintenance of hemodialysis machine before, during, and after procedures
  • Fluid removal rate calculations and adjustments
  • Creating patient records before, during, and after each procedure
  • Adjustment of machine parameters from time to time as per the needs of patients
  • Will do the cannulation for taking out blood from patient to the machine
  • Required to set up machines such as CRRT, Plasma Pharisees, Charcoal perfusion, etc.
  • Prepares Dialyzing solution as per the requirement of the patient.
  • Informs nurses or physicians of changes in patient condition
  • Ready to perform certain medical emergency procedures instantaneously, for instance CPR, etc. during an emergency situation such as a patient going into cardiac arrest, etc.
  • Performs blood flow rate measurements and adjustments
  • Ensures the sterility of every procedure and unit itself.
  • Maintains the logbook of all the equipment and R.O Machine.
  • Keeps a record of all the necessary investigations being done on the patient.
  • Monitors the infection control standards in the unit. Dialysis technician carries out necessary fumigation in the unit.
  • Manages the disposal of biomedical waste as per the hospital protocol.
  • Checks the FBV of a dialyzer to be reused on the same patient on next dialysis session.
  • Keeps a record of patient vaccination and staff vaccination and up dates it from time to time.

Working Hours and Areas of Employment A dialysis technician works in various institutions, organizations or agencies, which are usually in the public or private system. Hence, dialysis technician jobs are required but are not limited to healthcare systems such as places including hospitals, clinics, and a number of other centers. Some technicians are required to work in day shifts and night shifts, weekends, and even post their shift timings owing to the fact that hospitals are open 24*7, while other dialysis technicians work in medical clinics that offer dialysis treatments and their work hours are regular business hours. Less frequently, some of the dialysis technicians may be required to visit the residence of patients in order to carry on the dialysis. Those employed within this area will likely have a schedule based on the needs of their patients.

Which dialysis technician course is imparted by VIVO Healthcare and what is unique about this course? A unique dialysis technician course in India is provided by VIVO Healthcare, Asia’s leading healthcare training and education company. The unique thing about this course is that though the duration of this course is just 12 months, still it covers all the key aspects required to proficiently train students. The course description and the topics covered are presented as follows:

  • Anatomy & physiology of human body
  • Detailed renal anatomy & Physiology
  • Renal failure & management
  • History & introduction of Hemodialysis
  • Scientific principles & practice of Hemodialysis
  • Vascular access for Hemodialysis
  • Anticoagulation in Hemodialysis
  • The Dialyzer-Artificial kidney
  • Dialysate composition
  • Water treatment for Hemodialysis
  • Complications of Hemodialysis & management
  • Infection control in Hemodialysis
  • Dialysis for ARF & Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy
  • Extra corporeal detoxification
  • Care of patients on HD
  • Peritoneal Dialysis
  • Introduction to Urea Kinetic Modeling
  • Renal Transplantation
  • Dialysis Unit management

Highlights

  • Theory + Simulation: 800 Hours
  • Clinical Internship: 800 Hours
  • Eligibility: 10+2
  • Duration: 1600 Hours/12 Months
  • Certification: VIVO healthcare/HSSC

After completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  • Blood access and vascular cannulation
  • Operate all the machines/ equipment according to Nephrologist’s order
  • Monitor the patient and machine and response to various alarms during the procedure
  • Terminate a HD session and disconnect the patient from the machine.
  • Operate dialyzer re-processer.

Which job opportunities are available in the market for a dialysis technician? The job opportunities for dialysis technicians are limitless, thus resulting in a great career path. Dialysis technicians can easily advance in this field by becoming proficient in a specialty and taking up new courses related to their domain. Dialysis technicians are majorly employed at hospitals (both government and private), healthcare setups or clinics providing dialysis treatment.

Dialysis technicians may find jobs at hospitals (Government or private), clinics or healthcare setups, offering dialysis treatment. Usually they work in a team with dialysis nurse and other paramedical staff, under the supervision of qualified doctors.

What is the starting salary of a dialysis technician? The starting salary of dialysis technicians depends on a number of factors such as their job location, profile of the employer, and job profile. A dialysis technician may earn anywhere between 8,000 – 14,000 rupees per month (starting salary). A skill in dialysis may result in even higher paying jobs. Majority of the people in this job take up other positions after some years of practicing. Thus, the individuals who are more experienced earn more with the passage of time.

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