Crossing or walking on a busy road can sometime be more dangerous than any other mode of transportation if compared to number of accidents and its severity with other road accidents group. As a road user group, pedestrians are the second largest group of road traffic fatalities, after motorcyclists and pillion riders.
Side-roads or pedestrian way is used differently by different people which includes: walk, jog, skateboard, ride scooters and bicycles, use wheelchairs and walk their dog on shared paths. Everyone who uses a path should be able to stay safe and use it appropriately and it is not possible without any knowledge of road safety measures.
- SignalsTraffic signals are pedestrians are located along with the signals for motor drivers which allows people on foot to cross safely. These signals are installed at multiple locations apart from main signal stops like schools, hospitals, stations and other public places.
- Zebra crossingsDrivers must slow down and stop when a pedestrian steps onto a marked crossing. Drivers must give way to any pedestrian on the crossing. Crossings with poor visibility have zigzag white lines painted on the road to warn drivers. Some drivers may not stop for pedestrians, so wait until all vehicles have stopped before you start to cross.Various other crossings like Raised pedestrian crossings, Children’s crossings, Shared crossings and Pelican crossings are used for the same purpose.
- Pedestrian fencingFencing across the busy roads are installed to direct the flow of pedestrian traffic and allow them to cross roads only from a few set points and hence maintaining controlled crossing.
- Pedestrian traffic symbols
Speed and Risk
High speed vehicles not only pose threats to themselves but also to pedestrians. The speed at which a vehicle is moving is directly proportional to the risk of injury and deaths it can cause of side walkers. It is important for both pedestrians and vehicles to respect each other and stop whenever it is required.
People at Risk
- Statistics have shown that people above the age of 70 years are more vulnerable in pedestrian crashes.
- Physical constraints like diminished vision, hearing, slower walking speeds and slower reaction times, affects their ability to cross the road safely.
- Alcohol slows brain functions, reduces judgment, increases risk taking, affectssense of balance and increases sleepiness. Alcohol reduces your ability to judge the speed and distance of vehicles.
- All pedestrians impaired by alcohol are at risk
- Young males are particularly over-represented in alcohol-affected pedestrian deaths
- The majority of alcohol-related pedestrian deaths occur at night
Impulsive nature of children makes them more open to getting road accidents. Studies have shown that young boys are more likely to get
involved in child pedestrian casualties as girls.
- Children’s thought and sensory skills are not fully developed
- They don’t have the developmental skills to identify safe places to cross the road
- They don’t behave consistently on the roads
- They are small and may not be able to see over parked vehicles
For more details om how to stay safe on road, visit our next blog :
Road Safety Tips for Pedestrians, Children and Drivers