Hypothermia is a potentially life-threatening condition in which body temperature drops to 95 For below. When body temperature drops, it can slow down the working of important organs mainly heart and brain. If not treated in time, it can lead to complete failure of these organs or death.
Temperatures for mild, moderate, and severe hypothermia generally range from:
- Mild hypothermia: 90-95 degrees
- Moderate hypothermia: 82-90 degrees
- Severe hypothermia: < 82 degrees
What causes hypothermia?
Exposure to cold temperature for prolong period of time or immersion in a cold water. Risk increases as the winter season arrive.
How to detect?
- Slurred speech
- Pale, cold, dry skin
- Lack of coordination
- Weak pulse
- In severe hypothermia, victim may be unconscious without any signs of breathing or a pulse
What is the First Aid for hypothermia?
- Remove wet clothing, shoes, and socks.
- Immediately move the victim to warmer, dry place.
- Rewarm the victim with dry warm clothing.
- Place heating pads or hot packs in victim’s armpits, neck, and groin.
- If victim is conscious and able to swallow, give a warm, nonalcoholic beverage.
- If the victim is unresponsive and not breathing start CPR (30 Chest Compression followed by 2 breaths, continue the process till ambulance arrive). Victim may mimic as dead so continue CPR until u get advance medical care.